Galata and Eminönü
Golden Horn and the Bosphorus Strait are principal places that every tourist visiting Istanbul at least passes by. Bustling Eminönü with all kinds of transport - trains in Sirkeci, boats and trams and cars and busses at Eminönü. And Galata, former Genovese sronghold in Middle Ages is now a modern partly pedestrianized Istiklal Caddesi.
1 View from Galata tower on the European side of Istanbul to the Bosphorus and Asia. Galata is located at the northern shore of the Golden Horn. The Tower was built by the Genoese in 1453.
2 Galata is located at the northern shore of the Golden Horn. The Tower at the top of the citadel was built by the Genoese in 1453 offers the best view on the Istanbul mosques and Bosphorus Bridge.
3 We have never seen that many people fishing from the bridge. They are not fishing for just one, but at least 10 fish at the same time and on the same rope. Great to watch!
4 Eminönü is Istanbul's major crossroads located on the south side of the Golden Horn at the southern end of the Galata Bridge. Main transport nod for trains, trams and buses, and the Eminönü ferry docks.mEvening at the Eminonu pier and embankment is always busy - fishermen, street vendors, restaurants and people travelling to and from Galata, Bosphorus or Sirkeci.
5 Tunel Square is at the top end of the Istiklal Caddesi (Independence Avenue) is the heart of Beyoğlu, the more modern district of Istanbul built during the 19th century. The street is most popular strolling, shopping and tram rides.
6 Eminönü can be magical at night - tram passing in front of the iluminated Yeni Cami (New Mosque) close to the Egyptian (Spice) Bazaar and Sirkeci Station. It's not new, having been cbuilt between 1597 and 1663, but Its name is an abbreviated version of its proper name, the New Queen Mother Mosque (Yeni Valide Camii).
7 Eminönü is Istanbul's major transport crossroads. There are plenty of sights in the vicinity -the Egyptian (Spice) Bazaar, the Yeni Cami (New Mosque), Central Post Office (Merkez Postane), Rüstem Pasha Mosque and Sirkeci Station.
8 There are two suspension road bridges connecting Europe to Asia over Bosphorus. Bosphorus Bridge was opened in October 1973. It is 1074 meters long between two pillars, 6 lanes. Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge (or FSM Bridge) was opened July 1988. It is 1090 meters long, 8 lanes, 65 meters high from the water surface. More romantic is to take a waterbus/ferry from Emionu.
9 Bosphorus is a natural strait connecting the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara and separates European part from Asian part of Istanbul. Strait's length is 32 kilometers (20 miles) in the north to south direction, width varies between 730-3300 meters. It is also a very busy waterway with around 48.000 ships annually.
10 The waters of Bosphorus can be very bumpy. The current is always flowing from north to the south, but here is a strong underwater countercurrent. The speed can reach 7–8 knots